The flag of Slovakia consists of three equal horizontal stripes. The top stripe is white, the middle is blue, and the bottom stripe is red. Lying on top of the stripes slightly left of center, is the country’s coat of arms, which is outlined in white. The coat of arms contains a Gothic-style red shield featuring a white/silver patriarchal double cross on a red base with a blue three-peaked mountain. The national coat of arms was added to the flag to differentiate it from the flags of Slovenia and the Russian Federation, and it represents Slovakia’s link to Hungary.
The three colors are derived from the original Slovak colors and the Pan-Slavic tricolor of red, blue and white. These colors are the most used colors in flags and national emblems of Slavic countries. These colors were based on the flag of Russia, which was inspired by the flag of the Netherlands. The colors now stand for Slavic unity and independence.
The red shield was the color of many armorial attributes at the end of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century. The double silver cross on the coat of arms on the Slovakian flag symbolizes Christianity and the three peaks represent three mountain ranges, the Tatra, Fatra and Matra ranges. The Tatra and Fatra are actually found in present day Slovakia, with the Matra range in northern Hungary.
The current national flag of Slovakia was adopted by Slovakia’s Constitution on September 3, 1992. The flag was designed by: Ladislav Cisarik a painter and heraldic artist, and Ladislav Vrtel an expert in heraldry. In addition to the Slovakian flag, the men also designed the Slovakian Coat of Arms, and a new presidential standard, which incorporates the double cross as well.