The flag of Germany was adopted in its present form in 1919. It was readopted with the German Constitution on May 23, 1949. It is a tricolor flag made of three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red and gold (bottom).
Germany, which is officially known as the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Western Europe. Its territory covers an area over 220,000 miles. Germany is a republic that consists of sixteen states, the largest of which is Berlin. It is bordered by Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria to the south, France to the southwest, and Belgium and Netherlands to the west.
The flag of Germany has a simple design and the symbolism behind it is rather straightforward. The three colored bands represent the national colors of Germany. These colors of the flag were the colors of the German soldiers during the Napoleonic Wars. The colors date back to the republican democracy proposed in the mid 1800’s to represent unity and freedom. Ideally the three colors of black, red, and gold represent a united and democratic Germany before it was divided into East and West Germany. Some sources define the current flag colors as black representing determination, the red symbolizes strength and bravery, and the gold representing generosity. At the time of the Weimar Republic, these colors represented the centrist, democratic and republican parties.
There are several theories regarding the origins of the German flag color scheme and its meaning. The most popular theory is that the black and gold combination relates to the colors on the semi-official coat of arms of the Holy roman Empire. When the Holy Roman Empire ceased to exist, these two colors were closely associated with Austria’s Habsburg Dynasty, which become known as the “Black and Gold Monarchy.”
There are several national holidays when governmental buildings fly the flag of Germany. This includes the national day or mourning, German United Day, Europe Day, International Workers’ Day and Basic Law Day.