The National Flag of the Philippines is a horizontal, bicolor flag with equal bands of royal blue and crimson red. The blue band lies above the red band. There is a white equilateral triangle at the hoist which cuts equally into the two bands. In the center of the triangle is a golden sun with eight rays, protruding from the sun. These rays represent the following Philippine provinces: Nueva Ecija, Manila, Pampanga, Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, and Bataan. At each vortex of the triangle is a five-pointed, gold star, each of which represent one of the country’s three main island groups (Luzon, Visayas(formally Panay), and Mindanao.
The white equilateral triangle on the Filipino flag symbolizes liberty, equality and fraternity. The blue stripe represents peace, truth, and justice; and the red stripe stands for patriotism and valor. The golden sun symbolizes unity, freedom, people’s democracy, and sovereignty.
During the late 19th century Emilio Aguinaldo came up with the concept for the design of the flag this is used today. The flag was first displayed in 1898. During 1899 the flag was first flown with the red field upwards to indicate that the country was at war with the United States. Over the years, the design of the flag has been changed slightly, while the modern flag flown today was adopted on February 12, 1998.
The Philippines has two flag days: May 28th which is the nation’s official Flag Day, and June 12th, which is the country’s Independence Day.
A unique feature of the Philippine Flag is its usage to indicate a state of war when displayed with the red side on top, which is effectively achieved by flipping the flag upside-down.