The flag of Albania contains a red field or background with a double-headed eagle located on the center of the flag. The eagle’s wings and talons extend toward the flag’s fly (right) and hoist (left). The eagle is black in color, and the two heads of the eagle face away from each other and have their tongues out.
The red color on Albania’s national flag is said to represent the virtues of valor, strength, and courage/bravery among the people of Albania. The double-headed eagle symbolizes the sovereign state of Albania.
Albania first adopted its current flag as the National flag of Albania when the country gained its independence from the Ottoman empire in 1912, and then again in April 1992 after the collapse of the country’s communist government and rise of the fourth Republic of Albania. Once independence was achieved, this particular eagle symbol became a national symbol of Albania.
This design of the double-headed eagle is traced back to Skanderbeg or Gjergj Kastrioti, an Albanian Christian, and a 15th century Turkish general who led a rebellion against the Ottoman Empire. He used the Byzantine two-headed eagle on his seals, hence the Albanian flag.
The history behind the design of the Albania national flag dates back to the 1400s, when the symbol was used by John Hunyadi during his campaign against the Ottomans. This symbol was also used by noble families of Albania before becoming a national symbol.
Albanians call their country, “Shqiperia”, which means: “Land of the Eagle”.