The national flag of Cameroon was officially adopted on May 20, 1975, and what had been French Cameroon became the Republic of Cameroon. The flag is a tri-color of equal vertical bands (from left to right) of green, red, and yellow. Lying centered on the red band is a five-pointed yellow star. There is a wide variation in the size of the star, although it always lies within the red band.
The color scheme uses the traditional Pan-African colors (and was inspired by the French tri-color). The green color on the flag represents the rich forest vegetation of the country’s southern region, as well as signifying hope for a happy future. The red symbolizes independence and unity, and the yellow stands for the sun and the savannas in the northern part of the country, as the source of Cameroon’s happiness. The star, referred to as “the star of unity”, located centered on the red band, symbolizes the unity of the country.
The flag of Cameroon reflects the fact the Cameroon was the second African country (after Ghana) to change their flag colors to the modern pan-African colors.
Cameroon’s flag is similar to other African countries’ flags including Guinea, Mali, and Senegal.