The national flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan contains a sky blue field with a gold sun with 32 rays centered on the blue background. Under the sun lies a soaring golden steppe eagle, which appears to be protecting the sun. On the hoist side displayed vertically is a national ornamental pattern “koshkar-muiz” (the horn of the ram) also in gold.
The sky blue field symbolizes the peace, freedom, cultural and ethnic unity of Kazakh people, including the various Turkic people that make up the current population, such as the Kazakhs, Tatars, Uyghurs, Uzbeks, as well as the Mongol and Russian peoples. It also represents the endless sky as well as water. The sun represents a source of life and energy. It is also a symbol of wealth and abundance, and its’ rays are a symbol of the steppe’s grain which is the basis of abundance and prosperity. The eagle has appeared on the flags of Kazakh tribes for centuries and represents freedom, power, and the flight to the future. It is a symbol of strength to oppose anyone preventing the people of Kazakhstan from reaching higher goals. The eagle also symbolizes the attempt of Kazakhstan’s people to become an important part of the world’s civilization. The “koshkar-muiz” or the horn of the ram pattern on the flag represents the culture and art of the people of Kazakhstan.
The flag of Kazakhstan was officially adopted on June 4, 1992 and was designed by Kazakhstani artist, Shaken Onlasynovich Niyazbekov. The current flag replaced the flag of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. Kazakhstan shares land borders with Russia in the north, China in the east, and Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan in the south.
The blue and gold colors on the Kazakhstan were preserved from the flag of the Soviet era abandoning the red color.