The flag of Israel contains a white background on which are two stripes of dark sky-blue, each 25 cm. broad, over the whole length of the flag, at a distance of 15 cm. from the top and from the bottom of the flag. In the middle of the white background, between the two blue stripes and at an equal distance from each stripe is a Star of David, composed of six dark sky-blue stripes which form two equilateral triangles, the bases of which are parallel to the two horizontal stripes. The blue color is described as “dark sky-blue”, and varies from flag to flag, ranging from a hue of pure blue, sometimes shaded almost as dark as navy blue, to hues about 75% toward pure cyan and shades as light as very light blue.
The blue stripes are intended to symbolize the stripes on a tallit, the traditional Jewish prayer shawl. The portrayal of a Star of David on the flag of the State of Israel is a widely acknowledged symbol of the Jewish people and of Judaism. The blue of the tallit represents the heavens, and the white symbolizes purity brought about by the necessary sacrifices.
The flag of Israel was first designed for the Zionist Movement in 1891 and officially adopted by the Provisional Council of State on October 28, 1948, five months after the establishment of the independent state of Israel. Israel has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, and Egypt to the southwest.
In 2007, a flag of Israel measuring 2,170 ft. x 330 ft. and weighing 5.2 tons was displayed near Masada, an ancient fortress associated with Jewish history. At that time, the flag became the world’s largest flag, breaking all previous records.