The flag of the Soviet Union consisted of a solid red flag with a gold hammer crossed with a gold sickle placed beneath a gold-bordered red star, on the upper left canton of the flag. The color red has always had positivity attributed to it in Russian culture, in the Soviet Union, the red field symbolizes the blood of the workers and farmers that was spilled during their struggle for liberation in the 1817 Russian Revolution, by honoring the red flag of the Paris Commune of 1871.
The hammer symbolizes urban industrial workers while the sickle symbolizes agricultural workers (peasants) who together are the working-class who form the Soviet State. The union of the hammer and sickle represents the victorious and enduring revolutionary alliance. The gold-bordered red star represents the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and its position over the sickle and hammer, symbolizing its leadership over the working classes, in bringing them together to build communism. The gold of the star represents the life and energy from the sun. The five points of the star indicate the five known continents of the time, where the revolution was to spread.
The first flag with the gold border star, hammer and sickle was adopted on November 13, 1923. In 1955, a statute on the flag was adopted which resulted in a change of the hammer’s handle length and the shape of the sickle. This was the final modification to the flag. From this point on, the flag stayed in use with this design until the disintegration of the USSR on December 26, 1991, at which time it ceased to be a national flag.
The Soviet Union was a one-party state governed by the Communist Party, that is now present-day Russia. Bordered by Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and China to the south, Finland, Belarus, and Ukraine to the west.