The flag of Iran is a tri-color flag with equal horizontal bands of green, white and red. The National emblem “Allah” in red letters is centered on the white band in the center of the flag. On the bottom edge of the green stripe, and top edge of the red stripe is a stylized writing. The writing is in stylized Kufi script and is “Allah-o Akbar (Allah is Great). It is written 11 times on the green stripe and 11 times on the red stripe.
The red tulip motif is composed of five parts, each of which represents one pillar of Islam. The green stripe represents several aspects of Iranian culture, including the Persian language, vitality, unity, nature, growth and happiness. The white band stands for freedom. The red stripe symbolizes the bloodshed of martyrs, bravery and sophistication.
The most current flag of Iran was designed by Hamid Nadimi and was officially adopted and approved by Ayatollah Khomeini on May 9, 1980. It was adopted as a reflection of the changes brough about by the Iranian Revolution of 1979, which resulted in the replacement of 2,500 years of continuous Persian monarchy with an Islamic Republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution, supported by a wide range of Islamist organizations and student movements.
The Iranian flag’s centerpiece formerly consisted of a lion with a sword standing before a rising sun, with a crown above. But all traditional flags and banners were abolished after the abdication of the Shah in 1979. The country is bordered by Armenia and Azerbaijan in the northwest, Turkmenistan in the northeast, Afghanistan in the east, Pakistan in the southeast, and Turkey and Iraq in the west.