The national flag of Rwanda was adopted on October 25, 2001. The flag is a horizontal tricolor of (top to bottom) blue, yellow, and green. The blue band is the size of both the yellow and green bands together. There is a gold sun with 24 beams lying on the upper right of the blue band.
The blue band represents happiness and peace, the yellow band symbolizes economic development, and the green band represents hope of prosperity. The gold sun symbolizes enlightenment. The design represents Rwanda’s lush vegetation, bathed in the yellow light of the sun and the unity of the nation, heroism, and confidence, and hope for the future.
A new national anthem, adopted at the same time as the flag, was also intended to promote peace and national unity. The new national anthem refers to the Rwandans as one people, rather than Tutsi, Hutu and Twa.
The new flag was designed by Alphonse Kirimobenecyo, a Rwandan artist and engineer.
Rwanda is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, African Union, and the East African Community.
Rwanda lies East of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and south west of Uganda.